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Titel: Folic acid effects on s-adenosylmethionine, s-adenosylhomocysteine, and DNA methylation in patients with intermediate hyperhomocysteinemia.
Datum: 23-06-11
Zusammenfassung:

OBJECTIVE

Folic acid (FA) supplementation decreases homocysteine (tHcy) levels. However, little is known about the effects of FA treatment on DNA methylation or plasma S-adenosylmethionine (AdoMet) and S-adenosylhomocysteine (AdoHcy) concentrations. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of FA supplementation on AdoMet, AdoHcy, and genomic DNA methylation in hyperhomocysteinemic subjects without end-stage renal disease.

METHODS

To evaluate the effects of 5 mg FA/d for 8 weeks, we recruited 7 hyperhomocysteinemic MTHFR677TT patients (tHcy >30 μmol/L) with normal renal function.

RESULTS

FA supplementation induced a decrease in tHcy (from 51.1 ± 21 at baseline to 26.1 ± 27 μmol/L after folate supplementation; p < 0.01). A parallel increase was seen in plasma AdoMet concentrations and the AdoMet/AdoHcy ratio (p < 0.05). However, FA supplementation had no effect on global DNA methylation levels in the present study.

CONCLUSIONS

Supraphysiologic FA supplementation can modulate biochemical markers in one-carbon metabolism such as tHcy, AdoMet, and the AdoMet/AdoHcy ratio in hyperhomocysteinemic subjects. However, the reduction in homocysteinemia and the increased availability of methyl compounds provided by vitamin supplementation may not be sufficient to affect genomic DNA methylation.

Autoren: Pizzolo Francesca, Blom Henk J, Choi Sang W, Girelli Domenico, Guarini Patrizia, Martinelli Nicola, Stanzial Anna Maria, Corrocher Roberto, Olivieri Oliviero, Friso Simonetta
Publikation: Journal of the American College of Nutrition 2011 Feb;30(1):11-8
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