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Titel: Homocysteine levels are associated with hippocampus volume in type 2 diabetic patients.
Datum: 09-06-11


Elevated total plasma homocysteine (tHcy) levels are associated with cognitive dysfunction, in which changes in the hippocampus plausibly play a pivotal role. We tested the hypothesis that elevated tHcy levels are correlated with hippocampus volume and insulin resistance in nondementia patients with type 2 diabetes.


The study included 43 nondementia patients with type 2 diabetes, who were divided into two groups: a high tHcy group (age: 65 ± 8 years, mean ± standard deviation, n = 16) and a normal tHcy group (64 ± 9 years, n = 27). Hippocampus volume was quantified with a computer-assisted analysis using a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) voxel-based specific regional analysis system developed for the study of Alzheimer's disease (VSRAD), which yields a Z-score as the end point for the assessment of hippocampal volume. Results The Z-score was higher in the high tHcy group compared to the normal tHcy group (P < 0·0001). The fasting plasma glucose (P < 0·01) and insulin (P < 0·0001) concentrations and the homoeostasis model assessment (HOMA) index (P < 0·0001) were higher in the high tHcy group than in the normal tHcy group. Multiple regression analysis showed that the main factors that influenced tHcy levels may be the Z-score and the HOMA index.


Our results indicate that the elevated levels of tHcy in Japanese nondementia patients with type 2 diabetes are characterised by hippocampal atrophy and insulin resistance and that the Z-score and HOMA index may be the primary factors that influence tHcy levels.

Autoren: Shimomura Tsuyoshi, Anan Futoshi, Masaki Takayuki, Umeno Yoshikazu, Eshima Nobuoki, Saikawa Tetsunori, Yoshimatsu Hironobu, Fujiki Minoru, Kobayashi Hidenori
Publikation: European journal of clinical investigation 2011 Jul;41(7):751-8
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